The choice of operating system plays a crucial role when it comes to mobile app development, but the central debate has always been between Android and iOS. The choice of the platform helps you define your target audience since Android rules the market with the largest global platform share whereas iOS has more loyal customers.
But that doesn’t give Android all the benefits. Before we learn how to develop an iPhone app, let’s start with why should you even think of developing an iOS app?
iOS is much faster than any Android device. The apps run much smoother without any glitch. An iPhone or an iPad has similar functioning, whereas Android phones run differently depending on the model type. This makes iOS devices easier to use.
Another great reason to choose iOS is that the App Store earns nearly more profit than Google’s Android. All the apps can be easily used in any Mac OS which is not the case with Android applications. The iOS apps can be shared with family and friends with the help of an iOS device and such a thing hasn’t been done with Android.
Business apps rank second to games in the most popular app categories by share of available apps. The reason is the numerous advantages that iOS mobile app development offers to businesses that helps them grow and reach a targeted audience. iOS apps improve the ROI of a business as well as maintain a high standard of app quality.
All such reasons are enough to convince anyone to go for iOS mobile app development. Before we learn how to create iPhone app, let’s take a look at how different are iPad app development and iPhone app development.
What to know before developing an iOS app?
Before we move forward with iOS development best practices let us differentiate between iPhone and iPad app development. Though both the devices run on iOS yet they have some differences which must be discussed before we move to iOS app development tips.
The size of these two devices vary. The aspect ratio of an iPad is 4:3 and that of iPhone is 16:9. Although the size is not that big of a factor, it does show that the iPad has better resolution since it has a bigger screen.
One of the biggest differences between iPhone and iPad is that the iPhone can make calls on a cellular network and an iPad cannot. However, iPad can make calls via FaceTime which needs the internet and can be only used to make calls on other iOS devices.
Compatibility with apps
This is what differentiates these two devices for sure. An iPad can run apps that were developed for iPad as well as apps developed for the iPhone. However, an iPhone can only run apps developed for an iPhone and does not support iPad specific apps. The reason could be difficulty in compressing the resolution of iPad specific apps.
Designing for apps is done differently for both the devices. The reason is not only the compatibility but also that an iPad needs a higher resolution app than an iPhone. An iPad application development is done in such a way that the apps provide an enriching experience.
Any new business needs statistical surveying. It is important that your application idea is reviewed to ensure that your application offers a unique selling point to the target audience.
Conducting in depth market research helps you to understand various strategies used by the competitors and gain insight from the errors made by other firms. It helps you to evaluate demand and target the right audience.
Quality implies that your target users will consistently have choices to select from as there will possibly be other potential services that offer similar types of assistance to your user base. This is the place where quality matters — application users are famous for their low resilience to bad performance as they gladly change to better performing applications.
iOS Application Development Process
Before we go on to discuss in detail how to make an iOS app and best practices for its development, let’s take a look at the process of iPhone and iPad application development.
iOS development commences with the planning phase. Have a clear focus: What problems is your mobile app addressing? Who are the target users? What is the most important functionality?
A thorough market analysis is essential to ensure that the product will stand out in its market niche. The planning phase also entails arranging all requirements needed in the subsequent phases of app development.
The next phase commences with documenting the requirements for the design team. The process commences with paper sketches, wireframes and blueprints that depict how the app would look like.
The design stage lays the groundwork for the subsequent stages to develop an iPhone app.
UI and UX Design is a key phase of the process, determining the user experience and how the app will come to life. At this point, the goal is to create designs that are visually appealing as well as easy to navigate. The app’s UI and UX should also comply with Apple’s guidelines.
3. Software Architecture
The center principle of iOS application development breaks the model view controller (MVC) standard into three segments, i.e., data, user interface and software. While settling on the design of the application, developers need to work at the front and back-end simultaneously, before the development process. This guarantees the soundness and versatility of the product for the application.
4. Development and Integration
If you have been wondering how to build iOS apps this phase is where it all comes together. The development phase primarily is about transforming the idea behind the app into a million users’ reality.
During this phase, the dev team works with three different yet crucial parts of the project- the back end, the API and front end of the application.
There are various developer rules defined by Apple. Therefore, iOS app developers need to incorporate the elements and best practices needed to deliver a private and secure user experience.
5. Quality Assurance
Post completion of all phases of technical development of the app, the next phase is quality assurance or rigorous testing of the application.
Testing the iOS app is a key aspect of the process, since it can be one of the reasons behind app rejection when submitted to the App store.
The developers need to review the device for optimal performance, smooth user experience, debugging, optimum memory use, privacy and ensure it is in thorough compliance with all Apple guidelines.
After rigorous testing and review, the app may be submitted to the App store for subsequent review and approval.
It may take a few days to a couple of weeks for Apple to get back and approve your mobile application.
The process doesn’t end once the app is deployed. With the launch of an app, commences a continuous process of app maintenance. This entails tracking the usage of devices through app analytics tools, assessing the performance through KPIs, patching any technical and security bugs that might occur at any time, and updating app functionality in the light of customer feedback and iOS requirements.
iOS App Development Best Practices and Tips
Whether you are a beginner or a skilled developer, tips and tricks come handy for everyone. So, here are a few tips to keep in mind while designing and developing iOS apps:-
1. Plan out iOS app development
Planning is a crucial part of any project and without proper planning things can go haywire. Let’s begin with a list of ‘What to know before developing an app?’. Also, decide whether you want to develop iPhone or Pad apps.
Once decided, set the purpose of the application. The Apple users are habituated to high performing and usable apps, therefore, the iOS app developers must know how to develop iPhone apps with good performance.
2. Keep a simple design
Keeping a simple design will make the work less complicated. Of course, the designs can be changed as the experience and confidence level of iOS application development services builders, but for starters, it is advised to try some simple designs. However, you can still maintain the uniqueness of the app by making a design that is easy to use yet unusual. Tinder app is one such example where the feature of ‘swipe right’ is unique and at the same time simple.
3. Coding plays a crucial role
The level of your coding experience decides how convenient you are with app development. However, Apple minimized the difficulties with iOS 8 and Swift programming language in 2014. Swift Programming Language is powerful and easy to understand programming language for iOS and it is fast, safe and interactive. It helps iOS app builders to develop iPhone and iPad apps using a Mac program called Xcode which is often used by iOS app development companies.
4. Add features to increase user interaction
Another best practice to consider while developing apps for iPhone or iPad is a great user interaction. Amazon has one of the best user interactions allowing easy use of the website and the mobile app at the same time. The ease is such that a user can place an order from the website and can make the payment through the mobile app. A good app developer must know how to create iPhone apps to optimize content on apps and websites.
5. Compatibility with all iOS version
Many users still use the old versions of iOS. If the applications are not built such that they are compatible with all the versions, the app may lose a margin of users, and hence will not be profitable. This also goes for any reliable iPhone app development company because the clients will get less traffic if an iOS version doesn’t support the app.
The Facebook messenger app is a good example. It is compatible with all versions of iOS. The app looks great on an iPad as the UI is rich. Facebook continuously updates the app for the newest versions of iOS.
6. Social-media Integration
Mobile applications are designed to be functional, practical, inexpensive, and interactive. As the iOS app developers make improvements in the app, an extra feature can be added known as social network integration.
It is an interactive marketing method which helps build strong relationships with consumers and helps in garnering more attention. Adding a marketing feature in the app comes under iPhone app development best practices. This also helps in targeting where the audience is coming from and helps in the promotion of the app.
7. Battery usage
One of the most important factors of any mobile gadget is the battery. On common occasions, high-performance processors will devour a greater amount of energy resulting in a low battery in a short period of time. Most iPhone app development process and services don’t take any measures to save the iPhone battery life which makes users dislike the app soon.
It is also a must to test the application before the final launch. Because if the application fails in any way when a user is using it then it will create a negative impact on the downloads of the app.
8. How to make an iPad app?
When it comes to focus upon developing iPad apps, the answer is not very different from that of iPhone app development. The few differences between an iPad and iPhone development are resolutions, calling features and rich design. For iPad app development, it is important to keep in mind that the screen is large so the richness of apps must be maintained.
9. Traffic management
A positive and functional mobile application will surely direct quality traffic to your business. As a result, it’s your obligation to stay all set with as many approaches as feasible to respond to your traffic instantly.
If an app is getting heavy traffic due to sale, offer or rise in demand, it should not crash. The application should be able to handle the rush and engagement at the same time.
10. Price and promotion of your app
The cost to make an app can be calculated on the basis of the development time and the type of features. You can go for in-app purchases so that users can buy additional features for the app.
The cost also depends on the location where it is getting developed, for e.g. is the ios app development company in USA or the company for iphone app development in California.
Promotion of the app is crucial for success. After all, so much effort has been put into the process of app development for iPhone and iPad.
Knowing the Tools
Apple supplies the Xcode development tools which can be discovered on Snow Leopard establishment disk. To run the Xcode, Apple prescribes you have an Intel-based Mac running Leopard or Snow Leopard.
After establishing the tool, you can utilize it to develop Mac and iPhone applications. Xcode and Interface Builder are the two tools that you will use the most.
Getting the iPhone SDK
Before getting on the iPhone SDK, you need to first join the iPhone developer program. The free enrollment provides you access to documents, tools, and developer gatherings using the iPhone Dev Center.
After getting the iPhone SDK disk, you can start the work. iPhone SDK is imperative to use as it is always advancing with new features.
To know how the application functions you’ll have to understand its programming structure. Xcode can isolate all displays and interface code from your logic and processing functions, with Model, View, Controller (MVC) as an establishment. MVC may appear to be puzzling or unclear at first but once you get the concept and begin constructing fundamental applications then you’ll come to adore the structure.
Explaining the MVC structure roughly, the Model contains all the data and functions that are required to display on screen. Interesting fact is that, model cannot interact with the screen but views, the V in MVC can interact.
Views for most of the parts are visuals and it gets information only through a ViewController.
Controller is a sophisticated way to conceal back-end information from the front-end design.
Through MVC you can revamp the design as many times as you want while not losing any functionality.
We hope these iPhone app development tips were enough to answer your question on how to develop an app for iPhone as a beginner. But in case of any more queries, feel free to contact our iOS app development experts. We will happily guide you further.
Frequently Asked Questions
Q. What do I need to develop iOS apps?
Though the reason might vary from person to person, most people look ahead to iOS app development because the App Store earns more revenue than Google’s Android. Along with rendering a seamless experience, iOS platform is far more secure and faster than Android.
Q. How do I start iOS app development?
When it comes to developing iPhone or iPad apps, there are various things you must know before stepping into the development environment. This includes the size of the application, the designing requirements, calling opportunity, compatibility with other apps, and more.
Q. How do I make an iPhone app for free?
You can learn how to develop an iPhone app with certain softwares that allow making apps with design templates sans coding. But for a robust iPhone app development solution that will fulfill all your business requirements, it is ideal to connect with iOS app experts.
Q. What coding language is used for iOS apps?
Objective -C and Swift are the two main programming languages used to build iOS applications. While Objective -C is an older programming language, Swift is a modern, powerful and intuitive programming language.