A brief Guide to Sass Development

SASS tutorial | learn SASS with these easy steps - IONOS

What is Sass Development?

Syntactically Awesome Style Sheets (Sass) is the world’s most potent and stable CSS extension language. It is a preprocessor scripting language influenced by YAML, CSS, and Haml. Sass is compatible with all CSS versions and extends its use through mechanisms like nesting, variables, mixins, selector inheritance.

Structuring your Sass Projects. Let's take a look at how we can… | by Timothy Robards | ITNEXT

Sass is a CSS pre-processor that aides in lessening reiteration with CSS and thereby spares time. It is viewed as progressively steady and ground-breaking when contrasted with CSS. It portrays the style of a record unmistakably and fundamentally. It helps in completing work in a quicker and better way. With every one of its highlights, it is, for the most part, preferred over CSS. It permits factors to be characterized which can start with a $ symbol. The variable task should be possible by utilising a colon. It likewise underpins intelligent settling which CSS doesn’t. SASS empowers the client to have settled code which can be embedded inside one another.

Designed by Hampton Catlin, SASS is a style sheet language it stands for Syntactically Awesome Style Sheets. It is a pre-processor scripting language that can be interpreted or accumulated into Cascading style sheets. It is a progressively steady and incredible variant of CSS which basically portrays the style of any record. SASS is a simple augmentation to CSS. It incorporates new highlights like factors, settled guidelines, mixins, inline imports, worked in capacities which help in the control of shading and different qualities. All these are totally great with CSS.

How does it work?

To get the code, you should utilize SASS pre-processor. It helps in making an interpretation of the SASS code to CSS. This procedure is known as transpiring (unfolding). It is like arranging and compiling yet, here, as opposed to changing over the human, relatable code to machine code, the interpretation is done starting with one comprehensible language then onto the next. The transpiring from SASS to CSS is simple. All factors which are characterized in SASS are supplanted by values in CSS. This makes it simple to make and keep up various CSS records for your application.

Advantages of Using a Preprocessor (Sass) in CSS Development | by Cem Eygi | The Startup | Medium

Both the sass CLI tool and the scout application work by viewing your SCSS style sheets for changes as you take a shot at them, at that point naturally aggregating them into standard CSS when you save them. The catalogue where your Sass records live is known as the “input folder”. Your handled CSS records are saved to the output folder. These organizers can be settled/nested inside each other; truth be told, an ordinary example is for the input folder (which for the most part is called “SCSS,” however you can name it whatever you like) to live within your site’s customary stylesheets folder.

Organizations that desire to go a step beyond traditional CSS based web development look up to Sass to build feature-rich, customizable, and scalable web apps. If you need to introduce a higher level of advancement in your web app development methodology, Sass is the way to go.

Are you looking for a little help? Anteelo is here!

Anteelo is the best Web Development Company in India, specializing in Sass development. Centred in Gurgaon, we have a rich client-base extending all across the globe, and we’re home to an incredibly talented team of Sass developers. Over the years, our experts have delivered a broad range of Sass web development services to various clients across different verticals and helped them realize their business goals.

Key benefits of joining hands with Anteelo

  • Professional and experienced Sass developers
  • Customer-centric Sass development
  • The strict upholding of industry-wide best practices
  • Commitment to timelines

Primary Sass Web Development Services we offer

Sass Web Development

4 Reasons to Use SASS in Your Frontend Project | by Sonny Recio | Bits and Pieces

Sass powered websites are highly scalable and secure. Going a step beyond normal Sass web development, Anteelo assists you in building out-of-the-box web apps that are goal-oriented. Our full spectrum of services includes understanding business objectives, client undertakings, as well as data configuration.

Sass Application Development

SaaS Application Development on the Rise as Remote Work Becomes the New Normal


We are a hub of ideas, and our talented teams are well-versed with Sass. They are adept in understanding client requirements and curating applications according to them. If you’ve been looking for end-to-end app development using the latest Sass technology, Anteelo is the technology partner of choice.

Sass Version Upgrade

Introducing Sass Modules | CSS-Tricks

If you wish to upgrade your existing Sass application to the latest version, we can offer hassle-free solutions. Migrations can be painful and challenging if you don’t have the right tech-team to support you. With us having your back, you can let go of all worries. We are well-versed with Sass version upgrades and migrations, and we can help you accomplish the task in a risk-free manner.

Sass Consulting

What Is a Consultant? How to Find a Consulting Job and Who's Hiring | FlexJobs

Excited about Sass but have no idea how to begin on the path? Contact us to get expert consultation. We have a keen ear to listen to client needs and understand diverse requirements. We can help you chart the right course of action for your next planned Sass project.

Exclusive Top 10 Programming Languages for 2020

Famous Programming Languages – Authors and History – MYCPLUS - C and C++ Programming Resources

As the web and mobile solutions are becoming an indispensable part of every business, the programming world is also growing at a faster rate than ever before.

While on one hand, various new programming languages and technologies are getting into the limelight for making the different app development processes more efficient. Whereas, on the other hand, many existing web and app development technologies are disappearing from the graph.

In a scenario like this, keeping yourself updated with what’s the most popular programming languages/s is necessary for both the developers and businesses to build profitable solutions.

Taking the same thought forward, here we have created a list of Top 10 Programming Languages for 2020. In this list, every new system-level programming language is included to keep you up-to-date with the emerging trends.


  1. Java
  2. C
  3. Python
  4. C++
  5. C#
  6. JavaScript
  7. PHP
  8. SQL
  9. Swift
  10. Go
  11. Top 6 Emerging Programming Languages to Look For in the Future
  12. How to Decide Which Programming Languages to Consider?

1. Java

Top 10 Java Debugging Tips – Stackify

When talking about the top programming languages to prefer in 2020, Java is on the first position.

The language was once the primary language for Android development. But with the advent of Kotlin, many apps have switched from Java to Kotlin for futuristic services. However, this has not made a major difference in its market popularity.

The language is still considered by leading enterprise mobile application development companies and introduced into the software development plan both as a backend and frontend programming languages due to its impressive features, like:-

  • Ease of use
  • Enhanced performance
  • Higher productivity
  • Improved polyglot programming, etc.

2. C

C (programming language) - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

C, also called the backbone of the software world, also lands into the list of all programming languages to focus upon this year.

The language became the winner of ‘ Programming Languages Hall of Fame 2019 ’ for giving deeper insights into how software actually functions on machines and thus, is used for building embedded systems and VR-based apps.

Besides, this language delivers high-end performance, reliability, and variety of context: making it the first choice of reputed brands including Oracle, Microsoft, Adobe, and Paypal.

3. Python

What is Python Coding? | Coding for Kids Ages 11+ | Juni Learning

Python, which received the recognition of ‘Programming Language Hall of Fame’ by TIOBE in 2018 is also one of the best languages to consider in 2020 and beyond.

The language is used for creating different kinds of applications including scalable web solutions due to its characteristics such as easy-to-use, easy-to-deploy, and expeditiousness which made it the right tech stack for YouTube, Survey Monkey, and Pinterest.

Besides, it is also considered a prime choice for the sophisticated deep learning and ML app development processes.

4. C++

Three Optimization Tips for C++ - Facebook Engineering

C++ is a general purpose, object-oriented and hybrid app development language to watch out for in the year 2020.

The language, often considered as a superset of C, is stable and comes loaded with ample ready-to-use libraries. But, what makes the language capable of enjoying wider community support and becoming a part of the technology stack of popular brands is its extensive library support and speed.

5. C#

C# Development Fundamentals Learning Path | Pluralsight

C# is yet another multi-platform programming language that is enjoying a huge momentum these days.

The language, being one of the technology stack of top brands like Microsoft Intel and Hewlett Packard,  is often considered by both app developers, software engineers, web developers, and automation test experts because of features like:-

  • Strong typing
  • String interpolation
  • Auto property initializers
  • Exception filters, etc.JavaScript

6. JavaScript

JavaScript & JavaScript with ASP.NET - Pragim Tech

JavaScript, which was holding the first position in the 10 most in-demand programming languages list last year, has experienced a decline in its ranking. But, it is still considered as one of the programming languages for both frontend and backend services in the mobile industry.

As per the Stack Overflow’s annual survey of 2019 , 67.8% of developers employ a highly efficient and flexible language like JavaScript to build interactive web pages, exhibit dynamic content and make the transition from web to mobile platform.

Besides, the language also provides developers with an exquisite collection of frameworks as shared in our JS framework guide which increases its popularity in the market and makes it the right fit for Linux, Mac OS X, SunOS, and Android.

7. PHP

PHP - Wikipedia

Despite the competition from different server-side environments like Node.js and Python, PHP remains the star of the sector. And the credit of this popularity goes to the frameworks that makes it a perfect fit for scalable and robust app development and the fact that 83% of websites on the Internet are based on this backend programming language.

8. SQL

The Best Way to Learn SQL - Learn to code in 30 Days

Though various database technologies exist in the IT industry, SQL (Standard Query Language) is still one of the top programming languages in demand.

It was founded by IBM Research center in 1974, is simple and reliable in nature and offers exclusive database management services to business developers.

9. Swift

Learn Swift Programming The Simple Way – LearnAppMaking

Swift has not only become the preferred language for iOS development, superseding Objective-C, but has also emerged as a trending programming language 2020 with a steep rise in its popularity as noted in the Google Trends graph below.

Introduced back in WWDC 2014, Swift programming language is faster, easy to learn, secure, and has various other features that make it a perfect language for developing apps for iPhones, iPads, and macOS. Due to such features, it is considered as a highly efficient and flexible language.

10. Go

Top 10 Online Courses to learn Golang/Go in 2021 — Best of Lot | by javinpaul | Javarevisited | Medium

Also known as “Golang”, Go programming language has also made its entrance into the list of 2020’s top programming languages.

The language, with its concise and easy-to-embrace syntax and faster compilation characteristics, has not just become the favorite of SoundCloud, Google, Netflix, and other such popular brands. But, it has also proven to be one of the best options to get higher salaries.

While these were the Top 10 Programming Languages for 2020, there are various other languages that are gaining huge momentum in the mobile industry and are supposed to join the league. A few of which we will be covering in the next section.

Top 6 emerging programming languages to look for in the future


MATLAB - MathWorks - MATLAB & Simulink

MATLAB, the proprietary language of MathWorks, has also landed into the coding languages list for 2020.

It delivers a myriad of options to developers, such as:-

  • ease to plot functions and data and implement algorithms,
  • ability to create high-end GUIs, data-focused and scientific research apps,
  • opportunity to work with codes written in C, C++, C#, Java, Python, and Fortran, etc.
  • Facility to enjoy higher coding efficiency and productivity, etc.

2. Kotlin

Getting started with Kotlin: Benefits, features and adoption - Avatao

From the day Kotlin was introduced as an official Android app development language, the programming language has enjoyed a skyrocketing rise in its popularity. It has not only registered itself as the first preference for building Android mobility solutions, but also got established as one of the most loved programming languages by mobile app developers, posing as a strong contender in the battle of Kotlin vs Java.

What’s more interesting is that kotlin language has extended itself beyond mobile, in the form of Kotlin Multiplatform and is giving a tough competition to Flutter in the cross-platform market. A detailed information about which is covered in our Kotlin vs Flutter comparison blog.

3. R

The Comprehensive R Archive Network

R is also one of the most commonly used mobile app languages to introduce into your app development process.

Developed in 1993 by Robert Gentleman and Ross Ihaka, this language is highly preferred for building healthcare, government and enterprise mobility solutions because of its built-in machine learning algorithms and data analytics functionalities.

4. Dart

Dart programming language | Dart

Dart, the language behind Google’s cross-platform development framework Flutter, is also showing a huge momentum in the market.

The general purpose language, since its inception in 2013, is providing ample benefits like clean and simple code syntax, higher productivity, support to JIT compilation and AOT compilation, ease of compilation to fast Native code, impeccable tooling support, and more. The language, just like Golang, has also fit into the category of programming languages with the ‘Scalable JavaScript’ tag.

5. Scala

Scala Programming Language Logo Vector - (.SVG + .PNG) - Logovtor.Com

Another language that might enter into this list of Top 10 programming languages of the future is Scala. The general multi-purpose language has reached to 25th position as recorded in TIOBE Index for February 2020 from 28th position noted in January 2019.

A reason behind which can be that it lets you enjoy the perfect blend of functional programming and object-oriented concepts and is giving a tough competition to Kotlin in the battle to become the next JVM language. A detailed information of which can be taken from our Kotlin vs Scala comparison blog .

6. Bosque

Microsoft Bosque Programming Language 2019 - Kalilinuxtutorials

Bosque, one of the emerging programming languages, is a creation of Microsoft. The language looks to enhance developers’ productivity, software quality and provide an array of new compilers and developer tooling experience.

Bosque is inspired by the types and syntax of TypeScript, along with the semantics of ML and one of the best OOP-based programming languages ― JavaScript.

Now that we’ve covered the latest programming languages used in the industry, it’s quite possible that you’re confused with which one to pick for your app project.

Let us help you pick the right programming language.

How to choose the right programming language in 2020?

The decision of which programming language is best in 2020 for your app project depends on three factors, namely:-

1. App purpose

7 Questions You Need Answered Before You Create an App - BlueTreeApps

The main reason why you want to develop an app is helpful in picking the right language.

For example, if you want to create your presence on the web, PHP is the right programming language to go with as it holds the title of being one among the best programming language for mobile apps 2019. If you need a programming language for database management, SQL is helpful.  But, if you want to add AI features to your app, Python programming language is a good option.

2. Language characteristics

Are you developing a native mobile app or investing in Cross-platform app development? Are you looking for an open-source or licensed option? What type of technologies and features are you planning to introduce to your app development process? What level of security do you want to add to your mobility solution? These questions will help you to understand the technical requirements of your business app solution and thus, select the best programming language for mobile app development.

For example, suppose you want to build an app based on the Machine Learning concept. If you are looking for a programming language with years of existence, Python is the right choice, for it is the among the most active top programming languages. But, if you are ready to go with a newcomer based on the options it avails, TypeScript is apt for you.

Likewise, if you are planning to make your presence only in the Apple market, Swift is the preferred language for iOS development. But, when it comes to making an app for both iPhone and Android, going with JavaScript is a profitable deal, as it is deemed as a swift and versatile programming language by Github.

3. Local ecosystem

Last but not least, the decision of which top programming to prefer also depends on the skill set of your inhouse or hired developers.

If you choose a programming language out of this programming language list that they have expertise in, you’ll experience a smooth app development experience. Your app project will face lower challenges and reach the market at the earliest.

But, on the flip side, the app development timeline might increase, hidden costs would more often be added to the overall app development cost and your app might fail to take the best advantages of the chosen language if they do not have a sound knowledge of the language you choose.

With the aforementioned factors and knowledge of the top 10 most popular programming languages for 2020, we hope that you will find it easier to make the right decision and build a successful approach to enter the mobile market. But, in case you encounter any challenge, feel free to consult with our tech experts.

Learn to coding with the help of the best App Developers in the world

Learn to code with the help of the best App Developers in the world
Coding has placed itself as one of the most secure jobs in the current world. The demand is set on a high priority mode for a number of years to come.

This is the reason why more and more people who are even mildly interested in technology are preparing to become coders.

However, even among this stable demand in the job market and the passion to follow the path, a number of people are still thinking twice before getting into it, solely because of the misconception that it would need a degree and years of practice to become a coder and join some glorious app development company.

If you too are the one restricting yourself from realizing your code dream because of this misconception, we have listed down ways that you can learn how to code. A list that has been curated by our team of skilled coders.

Before we get into the ways you can learn how to code, let us look into some of the reasons that are motivating people to learn how to code.

1. What is prompting our generation to take up Coding courses

a. It will be around in the future

Learn to code with the help of the best App Developers in the world

When one takes up a course, the idea is to not go with the one whose demand is short lived but go with one that is least replaceable. And, when we talk about the job trends, the one that is going to be around for the foreseeable future and beyond, it is Coding. The tech industry is only going to grow (with many more programming languages coming up) and the only way to grow with it is by joining the club and becoming technical.

b. Demand is much more than supply

Learn to code with the help of the best App Developers in the world

The demand for coders is much higher than the number of coders in the industry – a scenario that doesn’t seem to be changing anytime soon.

Having much more demand than the supply comes with its own set of perks. You get to earn much higher than your years of experience and the chance of finding a job irrespective of the geographical boundaries is also much higher.

c. A lot of career options at the back of a strong foundation

A great career strategy relies on strong foundations By IIBM Institute

If you work on your code foundations today, you will have in front of you a series of career options. Even if you are preparing yourself to be a flappy bird developer, with time you will be able to branch out in coding involved with a number of disruptive technologies like AR/VR, Blockchain, or even AI.

Now that we have seen the reasons that are motivating people across the globe to become coders, let us now look into the ways you can learn how to code, even without a programming language experience or a computer science degree. These are the ways that have been suggested by our team of developers who themselves have developed over 500 apps belonging to a range of different disruptive technologies like Chatbots, AI, and Blockchain, amongst others.

Let’s begin.

2. Ways You Can Learn How to Code Without a Computer Science Degree

Okay, a slight detour again.

Before we get into this journey of learning how to code let me help you finalize a programming language first, the one you should start with.

The basic programming language that I would suggest to start with is JavaScript. The language comes in very handy when you are developing an app – one that can be of any type, no matter how complex. The industry demand for JavaScript developers is extremely high. No matter what job portal you are looking into, you will find a listing for JS developers there.

Also, the JavaScript developer community is an ever growing one. New tools are always coming up in the JavaScript industry, giving you, a beginner, a chance to join the league of developers who come with years of experience in the domain and are yet to explore the new batch of tools.

Once you are adept with JavaScript, expand your learning to a more platform specific language. The present and the near future belongs to Kotlin for Android app developers and Swift and iphone app developers. So, choose a platform that you are even remotely passionate about and invest in its specific language.

Now that you must have gathered an idea of what programming language you would like to delve in further, let us now look into what we gathered here for – to learn how to code when you do not even know its basics.

3. Online Courses to Learn Coding From

The Ultimate Guide to Coding for Beginners - Skillcrush

  1. Code.org – Their courses are majorly designed for the K-12 students, but anyone who is looking to start fresh in the coding industry can enroll in these courses.
  2. Codecademy – It is a free resource for learning every major web programming language out there in the industry.
  3. Khan Academy – They have a range of topics to meet the learning needs of coders irrespective of their learning level
  4. Learn Swift – If iOS App Development is what you wish to do, the site is your Meccah. It has pages and pages of data that would help you learn Swift.

4. YouTube Channels That Will Help you Code

11 Best YouTube Channels for Coding and Programming | IE

  1. Learn.code Academy – Topics it Cover – Responsive Design, Sublime Text, Node.js, Backbone.js, Angular.js, Deployment Strategies, etc.
  2. Thenewboston – Topics it Covers – C programming language, Android development, Python, MySQL, etc.
  3. ProgrammingKnowledge – Topics it Covers – Java, C, Python,  Android programming, JavaFX, Bootstrap, etc
  4. Derek Banas – Topics it Covers – Java, PHP, Ruby, HTML, C++,  Python, Android, Assembly language, etc.

5. Blogs you should Follow to Become Better Coders

Top Programming Blogs and Websites Every Programmer Must Follow — agile actors

  1. SitePoint –The blog continuously keeps getting updated with new topics ranging from everything – HTML, CSS, Swift, React.JS, amongst a lot of others.
  2. David Walsh – Managed by Mozilla’s senior developer, David Walsh, the website has a lot of information specific to developers, presented in how-tos, demos, and tutorials.
  3. A List Apart – Have tons of articles for coders irrespective of their expertise level.
  4. SoftwareHow – The blog is a go to the website for anything related to software tools. It comes with a huge collection of guides, tips, and software reviews.

The list would help you immensely at becoming better coders over time. The one thing that you should do though before you drop the idea of learning how to code is at least try one other method of learning, irrespective of what your current mode of learning is.

Must learn Blockchain Programming Languages in 2020

Top 5 Blockchain Programming Languages

Unless you are living under the rocks, it is likely that you would be familiar with what is Blockchain and what is its potential when it comes to reforming the tech world. The technology, that have been the driving force of Cryptocurrencies, has taken the front seat and come up with a myriad of options to mitigate the traditional challenges that a myriad of industries face, helping them grab better opportunities. It has proven to hold the potential to revamp the whole economy – be it healthcare, travel, education, or legal domain.A ripple impact of which is that today, both startups and Fortune 500 companies like IBM, and Accenture are putting efforts towards making their presence known in the Blockchain arena.

Because of this, rather sudden, mass adoption, the number of Blockchain jobs are increasing in the market exponentially. A clear indication of which is that a 517% rise is predicted in the number of Blockchain jobs in 2019, compared to 2018.

And, behind the curtains, the type of blockchain development platforms and programming languages are also evolving. While many traditional ones are proving to be undisputed leaders, many new entrants are bringing radical changes in the development environment.

This, as a whole, is making it necessary for all Blockchain enthusiasts to be familiar with the best Blockchain programming languages to headstart with. Something we will cover in this article.

But, before that, you will be able to earn brownie points if to go through a blockchain development guide to have a clarity of concepts, and to get familiar with the challenges developers come across while starting their journey in  this innovative technology.

Challenges You Might Face While Entering the Blockchain Development World

A. Resource Management

How to be a Great Project Manager - K2 Partnering Solutions

In the Blockchain arena, it is imperative for developers to ensure that they are familiar with real-time network demands and that they are well-versed with opportunities to handle remote and local queries. This, in turn, can be challenging for them to manage their resources efficiently and effectively.

B. Isolation

Another issue faced by Blockchain developers is that all the hash functions operate in a deterministic manner. Meaning, they do not act in two different ways depending on the circumstances.

In such a scenario, the development team has to opt Isolation mechanism to bring non-deterministic nature into their blockchain solution.

C. Lower Performance

Poor sleep tied to kids' lower academic performance | Arab News

Last but not least, Lower performance is also one of the challenges of Blockchain programming that developers often have to deal with. Especially when choosing the right Blockchain development language.

This is because some of the Blockchain operations are parallelizable, while others are not. Meaning, it becomes important for them to bring a language on table that is versatile in nature.

Now that you know what Blockchain programming problems you might encounter while heading your journey to Blockchain development, let’s jump to the core part of this article, i.e, unveiling of the top Blockchain programming languages.

15 Programming Languages to Consider for Developing Blockchain Applications

1. Solidity

Solidity — Solidity 0.4.24 documentation

Influenced from JavaScript, Powershell, and C++, Solidity is the first blockchain programming language that one must learn. Especially when they have to develop dApps or are looking to get into the ICO development game.

The Solidity programming language was developed by Vitalik Buterin, the mastermind behind Ethereum, and serves blockchain development firm with a myriad of benefits, such as:-

  • Developer-friendliness,
  • Accessibility to JavaScript infrastructures, debuggers, and other tools,
  • Statically typed programming,
  • Possibility of inheritance properties in smart contracts,
  • Precise accuracy, etc.

2. Java

How to develop a blockchain application if you only know Java | Corda

Java, the official language of Android mobile app development and a preferred option for backend development, is also considered a great programming language used for Blockchain development.

The language is derived from C-syntax and is widely chosen for building sophisticated Smart contracts and dApps because of its following properties:-

  • Robust support for OOP (Object-Oriented Programming) methodology,
  • Ease of memory cleaning,
  • Availability of ample of libraries.

Some of the best examples of Blockchain solutions developed using Java are NEM, IOTA, NEO, and Hyperledger Fabric.

3. Python

What is Python Coding? | Coding for Kids Ages 11+ | Juni Learning

Python has not only ruled the world of app development, IoT app development, and network servers’ development, but is also proving to be an asset in Blockchain-as-a-service arena.

The language, created in 1991, is widely used for dApps and Smart Contracts development because of ample of features it avails. Some of those features and functionalities are:-

  • Easy to learn,
  • Access to dynamic architecture,
  • Perfect for both base and scripting approaches,
  • Open-source support,
  • Efficient for Prototyping, etc.

Steem, Hyperledger Fabric, and NEO are a few popular Python based Blockchain projects that are prevailing the industry.

4. JavaScript

JavaScript Core Language Learning Path | Pluralsight

Considered for a wide range of app and game development needs, JavaScript is also one of the best Blockchain programming languages to keep an eye on.

The language, in the form of frameworks like Node.js framework, offers developers ample of benefits like:-

  • Easier and earlier entry to market,
  • Enhanced Scalability,
  • Availability of multiple JavaScript frameworks,
  • No hassle of integration of respective resources, and more.

5. PHP

PHP - Wikipedia

Released in 1995, PHP (Hypertext Preprocessor) is another programming language that every reputed mobile app development company recommend for creating Blockchain solutions.

The language, though considered as a backend development tech stack in the form of best PHP frameworks, is often used to develop blockchain solutions of different complexity range. Something that is a ripple effect of its huge open-source community and object-oriented features.

6. C++

Three Optimization Tips for C++ - Facebook Engineering

C++, introduced back in 1985 by Bjarne Stroustrup, is the best programming language for cryptocurrency development.

The language follows OOPs methodology and is highly used for developing cryptocurrencies and Blockchain Projects like Bitcoin, Litecoin, Ripple, Stellar, and EOS. Something that is a direct result of the following set of features and functionalities it offers:-

    1. Efficient CPU management and memory control,
    2. Ease of running parallel/non-parallel threads,
    3. Option to move semantics for copying data effectively,
    4. Compile-time polymorphism for enhanced performance,
    5. Code isolation for different data structures, and more.

7. C#

Five C# Features You Might Not Know

Created by Microsoft as a substitute of Java, the OOP language offer a huge number of features for enterprise-powered apps, cloud, and cross-platform development. The language comes loaded with features of C, SQL, and .NET frameworks, and is highly favored for Blockchain development because:-

    1. It is open source.
    2. Its syntax is easy to understand and learn – thanks to its identicality with C++ and Java.
    3. It empowers developers to write portable code across devices.
    4. It is cost-effective to use because of BizSpark program.

The programming language is majorly considered for building dApps, Smart Contracts, and infrastructure in Blockchain environment.

8. Go

Top 10 Online Courses to learn Golang/Go in 2021 — Best of Lot | by javinpaul | Javarevisited | Medium

Go programming language also lands in the list of top Blockchain coding languages with a blistering success.

The language is not just easy to comprehend, but also comes with the best features of JavaScript and Python such as user-friendliness, scalability, flexibility, and speed. Something that makes it the right option to deliver bespoke Blockchain solutions.

Two of the best Go-based Blockchain solutions prevalent in the market are Go-Ethereum and Hyperledger Fabric.

9. Simplicity

Simplicity: High-Assurance Smart Contracting

Created by Russell O’ Connor, Simplicity is a high-level Blockchain coding language that hit the market in November 2017.

The Simplicity programming language is based on Ivy and work with a Haskell-like syntax which makes coding easier and effective. Besides, it is highly mathematical in nature and makes the codeline human-readable. Because of which, it is highly used for developing Smart Contracts and blockchain solutions that works with both Bitcoin and Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM).

10. Ruby

Interesting facts about Ruby Programming Language - GeeksforGeeks

Ruby is yet another top Blockchain development language to headstart your career with.

Developed by Yukihiro “Matz” in the mid-1990s, this high-level and general purpose programming language empowers developers to prototype their vision effectively and effortlessly through open-source third party APIs and plugins. The language also gives developers an opportunity to mix its features with that of other languages to build an enhanced platform.

It is highly considered by Asian developers for building Blockchain-based software and platforms.

11. Rust

Rust Programming Language

Though newbie in the Blockchain ecosystem, Rust is also being widely considered for building innovative, immutable, and secure solutions.

The language enables open-source developers to create quick and effective Blockchain frameworks. It also serves them with highly-capable mechanism of managing mutable states, amazing code optimization, better memory options, and concurrency-based opportunities.

12. SQL

The Best Way to Learn SQL - Learn to code in 30 Days

SQL (Structured Query Language) is also one of the top blockchain programming languages to consider in 2020.

The language was designed by IBM to make communication with databases like MySQL, SQL Server, PostgreSQl, and Oracle easier and efficient. It has more than 7M developers in the industry and is used for building secure and effective enterprise solutions in Blockchain domain. A clear evidence of which is Aergo.

13. Erlang

Erlang (programming language) - Wikipedia

Erlang is another top Blockchain coding language you must consider for a brighter future ahead.

The language, though less popular than reputed names like Java, JavaScript, and Python, serves Blockchain development companies with options like:-

    1. Unparalleled backend facility,
    2. Higher scalability,
    3. Immutability
    4. Inherent fault tolerance, and more.

Something that makes it the right choice for building peer-to-peer networks in a Blockchain environment.

14. Rholang

Documentation page for Rholang ? - Rchain network

Rholang is yet another impressive addition in the list of Blockchain programming languages. The language, unlike C++ or Python, operates with functional approach over Object-oriented. It also assess the whole app as a series of functions which are then solved in a sequential manner.

Because of this, it is a favorite of developers when they wish to build a high-level project like Smart Contracts.

15. CX

CX: The Next Generation Blockchain Programming Language | by Skycoin | Skycoin | Medium

CX has also entered the list of top Blockchain programming languages.

The language has the potential to work as a contractual digital intermediary, and comes loaded with features like simple error control process, and opportunity to use propelled cuts, pointers, and arrays. It also assembles over Go and give users an escape from executing discretionary codes, which has been a critical issue for present day businesses.

What’s more, the language integrates with OpenGL (Open Graphics Library) efficiently and helps developers reap better benefits in terms of GPU’s capacity.

So, these were some of the programming languages that can be considered for entering the Blockchain world and make the best of the flourishing opportunity. These languages, as already covered in this article, holds different potential and thus, can be used for building different forms of Blockchain and cryptocurrency-based solutions. It implies that you must know which language is best for what type of Blockchain development and eventually, polish your skills in the same.

Now, while learning through online tutorials and training programs is a good effort to be well-versed with its theoretical concepts, if you wish to do some practical stuff under the shade of a reputed Blockchain development company, connect our recruitment team for an internship opportunity today.

JVM Language for 2020- Choose Kotlin vs Scala

Kotlin vs Scala: What Measures Slither Them In Popularity Over Java?

One man’s misery is the fortune of another”. This saying has become true for the JVM world. With the fall of Java – the programming language that entered the market in 1995 and changed the complete story, various other languages are gaining huge momentum. Developers have not only started using those JVM programming languages, but have also proposed them as the right Java’s alternative for app development.

Three of such programming languages that are enjoying limelight in the market are Kotlin, Clojure, and Scala.

While we will talk about Clojure some other day, let’s focus on the ‘Kotlin vs Scala’ battle today.

Here, in this article, I’m going to paint a picture of ‘What’s what’ scenario to help you make a smart and profitable decision of switching from Java to other JVM language on yourself.


  1. What is Kotlin Programming Language?
  2. A Concise Introduction to Scala
  3. Kotlin versus Scala: A Detailed Comparison of Java Alternatives
  4. Kotlin vs. Scala: Which is Right JVM for 2020?

So, Let’s dive into the Kotlin world first.

What is Kotlin Programming Language?

8-Minute Crash Course on Kotlin Programming Language. | by Tanu N Prabhu | Kt. Academy

Kotlin is an open-source, cross-platform, statically-typed programming language developed by JetBrains in 2011. It was recognized as an official Android programming language by Google back in 2019 and has reached the latest version, Kotlin 1.4.

[As we have mentioned about cross-platform nature of Kotlin above, you can learn about it in detail here –  Kotlin Vs Flutter: Who Will Rule the Cross-platform App Market? ]

The language offers developers with ample benefits as an answer to Is Kotlin better than Java. A few of which are as follows:-

Benefits of Kotlin Programming Language

1.  More Reliable

5 Strategies to Achieve More Reliable Service - Simplesat

Unlike other conventional languages like Swift, Kotlin has undergone various Alpha and Beta stages before entering into the market. Because of this, the latest version of Kotlin is highly mature, compatible and reliable to operate with.

2.  Kotlin’s Higher Development Speed

The Benefits of CRM for Business Banking - Salesforce.com

Kotlin encourages developers to perform any functionality by writing a less number of code lines. This not only enhances productivity but also speed up the app development process.

3.  Fail-fast System

Speed Wins: Fail Fast, Fail Cheap ! – Business Audit Compliance

Another advantage of going with Kotlin language is that it avails a built-in fail-fast system which reduces the risk of errors in coding.

4.  Easy to Maintain

Easy To Maintain - Designation Icon - Free Transparent PNG Clipart Images Download

The language offers extensive support for various IDEs including Android Studio. This makes it possible for developers to build solutions on different platforms and maintain them timely.

Because of such advantages, Kotlin programming language has received support from various recognised brands. A list of which is as follows:

Limitations of Kotlin Language

1.   Less Kotlin Developer Experts Available

The Retail Revolution: 5 Ways to Adapt, Survive, and Thrive – MarketBridge

Despite the sky-high popularity of Kotlin, there are only a few programmers with expertise in Kotlin development in the market. This is the prime limitation of considering Kotlin for JVM based application development.

Now, before you find yourself inclined towards Kotlin language, let’s jump to Scala.

An Overview of Scala Programming Language

Scala (programming language) - Wikipedia

Designed by Martin Odersky back in 2004, Scala is an open-source language that facilitates a perfect blend of object-oriented and functional coding in a statically typed programming environment. The language was devised to address the cons of Java programming language in terms of general-purpose and thus, can be an ideal Java alternative.

Scala, whose latest version is 2.13.1, is highly appreciated by various reputed brands, including:-

And the prime reason behind this is the following set of benefits it avail.

Pros of Going with Scala

1.   Statically Typed

Dynamically typed vs statically typed languages | by Haydn Morris | Medium

Scala comes with a highly expressive typing system that demands application of statistical abstraction in a particularly consistent and secure manner. Primarily, the type system supports:

  • General Classes
  • Upper and Lower typing limit
  • Clearly written self-references
  • Polymorphic methods
  • As a member of internal class and abstract type items
  • Variable Annotations

2.  Concise Coding

Creatively Concise Coding | by Brian Foutty | Swift Teacher | Medium

One of the prime reasons why Scala is gaining a huge momentum these days is because it is highly concise. The language, when compared to other programming languages like Java, requires less number of code lines to perform the same activity.

3.  Highly Scalable

Quickly building an highly scalable and customizable real-time chatting platform on AWS | by Rahul Golwalkar | Medium

Another advantage of Scala-based development is that it is highly scalable. Developers can merge different paradigms and introduce a vast range of features into the development environment while working with this JVM language.

4.  Typesafed Language

What is Type-safe? - Stack Overflow

Scala emerges as a good resource in terms of type safety. Besides, it enables you to create your own data types on the top of primitive ones and write a DSL for your project.

5.  Enhanced Quality

Enhanced quality of product without costly design flaws – Ananyaimpex

Since a minimum number of code lines are written in Scala environment, it becomes easier for developers to deliver a bug-free experience, a.k.a, get better results from the Quality assurance process.

6.  Multi-Platform Presence

How Multi-platform publishing can manage your social media presence for you? -

Though Scala primarily targets JVM platforms, it can be a good option for creating software that runs on multiple platforms.

Cons of Preferring Scala

cons – Thinkexam Blog

1.   Difficult to Understand

Since Scala codes are an amalgamation of functional and object-oriented concepts, the information sometimes gets a bit hard to comprehend.

2.  Slow Compilation Speed

Another disadvantage of Scala is that it takes a longer time to compile complex codes. This results into slow compilation speed when compared to what is observed in the case of Java or Kotlin.

3.  Issues with Binary Compilation

It is not binary compatible with a few versions. For example, a code that is compiled with Scala 2.1 might not compile with Scala 2.11. This is yet another limitation of picking Scala language.

With this, you have gained all-inclusive information about the two JVM titans. Which implies you might be curious to hop over to the difference between Kotlin and Scala to see which one wins the JVM war.

But, wait.

Before we move on to the section where we compare Kotlin and Scala, let’s have a quick look at how Kotlin’s an improvement over Scala, and vice-versa.

Kotlin versus Scala: A No-Nonsense Comparison of Java Alternatives

1.   Market Popularity

Coronavirus Crises to Drive the Global Empty Capsule Market Outlook 2020- Global Trends, Size, Investment Share, Regional Trends, Analysis by Top Companies and Industry Forecast to 2023 | Medgadget

Kotlin, with support of Google, has achieved success in making its presence dominant  in the market much faster than expected. As per Google trends, there’s a surge in searches related to Kotlin when compared to Scala. This gives a clear indication that Kotlin is more in trend than Scala.

But, if you focus entirely on the job posting platform, you will come across the fact that Kotlin is behind Scala with significant numbers.

Likewise, if you check for the developers’ salary for distinguishing Kotlin vs Scala, you will realize that the values are much uniform.

This, as a whole, concludes that both the languages are far popular and liked by the developer community in one way or the other.

2.  Ease of Learning

Computer Vision Syndrome: What Is It, and How Long Does It Last? | NVISION Eye Centers

Scala is a powerful language with highly-advantages features and flexible syntax. So, it is quite difficult for newbies to get their hands on this JVM programming language.

But, it is not in the case of Kotlin.

As reported by Java developers in various organizations, one can easily understand basic Kotlin syntax in just a few hours and start coding within 1-3 days. Also, Google introduced free Kotlin courses for Android developers, which again streamlines their journey in the Kotlin market.

So, the winner of Kotlin and Scala war is the former, if the entire focus is on ‘learning curve’.

3.  Functional Programming of Kotlin and Scala

An Adequate Introduction to Functional Programming - DEV Community

It’s true that both languages are known for their functional programming paradigm. But, when it comes to looking into Scala vs Kotlin comparison in terms of functional programming, the former wins.

Scala is more swayed by functional programming languages like Haskell than Kotlin. It encourages the use of functional coding along with some additional features like pattern matching and currying. Besides, the attempt of possible functional programming is more considerable in the Scala environment.

4.  Pattern Matching

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As already unveiled above, Scala offers better opportunities for pattern matching than Kotlin. Its match statement enables developers to match any type of data, including its own. Also, it shows full support for higher-end and macros types.

A result of which is that Scala is termed as “Java’s switch on steroids” and is considered as a good fit for Big Data processing tasks.

5.  App Performance

3 Mobile App Performance Issues You Can't Ignore | Application Performance Monitoring Blog | AppDynamics

Though app performance depends highly on the nature of the app, let’s consider an Android application for comparison of JVM languages.

Scala is a good option for employing highly scalable Android app development services. Whereas, a Kotlin-based application will be easy to code and debug. As a consequence, app performance will be higher in the case of Kotlin when compared to the other JVM language.

6.  Inline

In the case of Scala, you are required to request the compiler to inline a method by annotating it with @inline.  For example:-

@inline final def f1(x: Int) = x

Here, the compiler has the choice to see if the function is actually inlined or not.

But, in the case of Kotlin, the compiler will automatically consider functions with ‘inline’ keyword as inline. It is the developers’ responsibility to be careful with manual inlining to prevent the risk of inlining duplicates. Something that makes developers favour Scala over Kotlin for using inlines.

7.  Null Safety Management Efficiency

One of the prime reasons why developers are showing an interest in other JVM languages is that they offer a better facility to handle hate-bound NPEs (Null Pointer Exceptions). So, it is again the main factor to consider while deciding the right Java alternative.

When comparing Kotlin with Scala, the latter’s approach is quite incompetent. One has to introduce null values with the option in Scala programming, which further adds to code complexity.

So, clearly, the winner of the battle here is Kotlin.

8.  Operator Overloading

How to work with operator overloading in C# | InfoWorld

Though Java does not support Operator overloading, both Kotlin and Scala come loaded with this functionality. So, it is again important to consider this factor to know whether to choose Scala or Kotlin for JVM-based development needs.

Kotlin focuses on making a balance between power and readability. It empowers developers to overload the basic operators, but refrain them from defining new ones. This makes it easier for one to understand Kotlin operators (even to novice developers), but reduces the flexibility.

Scala, in contrast to Kotlin, goes with quite a lenient approach to operator overloading. This makes it easier for developers to write more human-readable codes, and thus, makes it a good fit while creating internal domain-specific languages. But, at the same time, it can result in confusion if used incorrectly.

9.  Java Interoperability

Munich Clojure Workshop - 04 - Java Interop - Speaker Deck

Though both Kotlin and Scala are interoperable with Java, Kotlin leads the show if you wish to maintain full compatibility with existing Java-based projects and technologies.

Kotlin is designed to be 100% interoperable with Java. So, you can easily call Kotlin code from Java and vice-versa effortlessly. Likewise, you can employ existing Java-based frameworks like Java Server Faces (JSF),  and ‘Vert.x’ framework while considering Kotlin for server-side development.

Whereas, when it comes to Scala, accessing Java classes in the development environment is easy. But, it is not possible to call Scala classes in the Java environment, especially when working with advanced features of Scala as they might lack Java equivalent.

10.  Libraries and Frameworks

When talking about libraries and frameworks, both JVM languages are doing wonders in the market.

On one hand, Scala – taking advantage of its long span in the market – facilitates developers with a wide range of libraries and frameworks to work effortlessly with APIs and applications. This includes Cats, Slick, Shapeless, Akka, and Play Framework.

While, on the other side, Kotlin has also come up with a lot of offerings in terms of community libraries & frameworks. A few of which are Ktor, Exposed, and Arrow.

11.  Documentation

Javascript Code Documentation - My Approach to Documenting Project

When talking about Scala, its API documentation is simple, straightforward, and well-structured. It offers search functionality and an option to restrict the number of displayed elements with a filter. However, sometimes you might find it  tough to search for pages on a particular topic.

Whereas, using the Kotlin API documentation is a bit tiresome. There’s no search function or filter option. However, it comes with a reference which explains all the concepts in a detailed manner (with examples). This helps Kotlin remain in the competition to Scala in terms of documentation.

12.  Use Cases

Though both Scala and Kotlin prove to be good alternatives to Java in the JVM world, they come with different unique use cases.

Kotlin, besides Android app development, can be used for web development and server-side development. Whereas, Scala is a good fit for projects requiring a blend of OOPs and functional programming concepts, for Big Data-based solutions, or for operating with complex Machine learning patterns.

13.  Community Support

Free Community Support Sessions | Modern Health | Modern Health

Being in the market for the past 15 years, Scala has a bigger community than that of Kotlin. This makes it easier for app developers to find tutorials, solutions, and other resources related to Scala over Kotlin.

In fact, if you check in Q&A site Stack Overflow, you’ll find nearly 3.8K questions related to Kotlin and 68.5K tagged with Scala.

So, when focusing on community support, Scala beats Kotlin in the JVM war.

PHP Frameworks 2019-2020:Top 10 (Guide & Prediction)

What Is PHP? How Is PHP Used in WordPress?

In the next 9 minutes you will be reading about the PHP Scripting Language, the Backend Development Trends, Why does Businesses like ours trust PHP, and the Best PHP frameworks that we believe would rule the Backend App Development industry in 2019-2020.

Ready for the ride?

Let’s begin.

A few days back we wrote a similar article on our choice of Frontend Development language – JavaScript and we got a series of emails from mobile app industry enthusiasts requesting us to do a similar article on our favorite Backend Development tool as well.

For those who wish to glance through our JavaScript Guide, head on to – JavaScript Framework Guide & Top 15 JS Frameworks of 2019 {Prediction}

While in there we talked about Frontend development to a great extent, this one is all about the Backend.

Irrespective of how innovative or impeccably designed an app’s Frontend is, for it to work as it is supposed to, the Backend Development process needs to be securely developed in a way that it is maintainable and supports scalability to a great extent.

Now, talking of Backend Development, there are a number of scripting languages that a company can choose from for their process.

PHP, although one of the most used scripting language among businesses for the Backend development of their Web Apps, it is not the only option that they have when it comes to the task.

There are a number of other languages that are constantly evolving to take the share of the PHP attention. While they will take time to surpass the adoption rate of PHP, they are not lacking that behind.

A Look At 5 of the Most Popular Programming Languages of 2019 – Stackify

The fact that the market for supporting the development of Backend is expanding to a great extent, is a sign that the process is going to evolve, very soon.

On the note of evolving, here are the Backend Development trends that will soon be seen getting adopted by businesses for better scalability in 2019 and 2020.

Backend Development Trends 2019-2020

1. AMP

Accelerated Mobile Pages - Wikipedia

The present and the time to come belongs to speed. No matter how impeccable your mobile app is, the speed with which it loads should be within seconds (even microseconds) as well. The importance of having a fast load and result screening speed is so much so that it becomes one of the prime reasons for user abandonment rate.

This is where AMP comes in. AMP is a service used to accelerate the web page loading speed on mobile.

2. PWA

File:PWA logo.svg - Wikipedia

PWA continues to be a trend for not just frontend development but also Mobile App Backend Development. The new form of web app, while very new in the industry has a lot of features to offer to the mobile app development companies.

Having a solid Backend developed for meeting the exact need of Progressive Web App (a mobile app type which is even winning the PWA vs Native App discussion) Development is what 2019-2020 are going to be about.


Using the RAIL Model to Measure Your Site's Performance

An acronym for Response, Animation, Idle, Load – is the new definition of the success of the Backend Development of your mobile app. A definition which will become a must-have feature in all the Backend Development processes in 2019-2020.

Response – Should be under 50ms

Animation – Should Produce a Frame in under 10 ms

Idle – Maximized to load the page again in under 50 ms

Load – Become Interactive in under 5 seconds

Now that we have seen the trends that are going to rule the backend development processes, let us now talk about what we called you in for – About the best PHP Frameworks for App Development.

There are a number of reasons that make PHP as our first choice of the backend development process that we follow here at Anteelo. Here are a few of them –

  • Database Flexibility

The most convenient part of PHP frameworks are that they can be connected to a number of different databases. While their connection with MySQL is most commonly adopted, they are not restricted to it.

  • Fast Load Time

PHP codes, unlike ASP, run in its own memory space, which increases the web page loading speed to a great extent – a features that is perfectly aligned with the 2019-2020 backend development trend of AMP.

  • Greater Platform Diversity

PHP is the one language that is not restricted to website development only. It has also expanded in the mobile domain. Also, the language is used to develop a range of different apps across categories.

  • Supports CMS, Heavily

Content Management System is the common factor among all the successful web and mobile apps across the globe. While there was a time when HTML used to be the ideal language for CMS development, the baton has now been handed over to PHP.

The fact that PHP is powered to support a number of different features across different platforms, our industry has been witnessing a number of frameworks been launched under the PHP umbrella to make the backend development journey a lot easier.

With more or less 100s of different PHP frameworks to choose from, it can get very difficult for businesses looking to design their tech stack.

Let us now give you an insight into the frameworks that we use for Backend development and the ones that will be adopted to a much greater extent in the world of PHP Framework 2019-2020.

There are a number of factors that leads us to choose these five as the top Best PHP frameworks used for our backend development process –

  • Flexibility
  • Cost Effectiveness
  • Ease of Development
  • Help with faster speed to market

Without further ado, let us look into each of them in detail –

4. Laravel

20 Useful Laravel Packages Available on CodeCanyon (And 5 Free)

The highly expressive framework offers the benefit of web application that aids the development of maintainable codes. Laravel is fit for the development of highly robust web apps. The PHP Framework Laravel comes packed with features that help customize even the complex apps according to the users’ prerequisites.

However good it sounds, the framework does not come sans pros and cons, let us look into some of them –

Laravel Advantages

  • Easy availability of documentation
  • Speedy execution of Web Applications
  • In sync with the modern day expectations from a web apps – Speed, security etc.

Laravel Shortcomings

  • New framework, doesn’t come bug free
  • Raises Database query which impacts performance

5. Sympfony

The basics of Symfony

Launched in 2005, Symfony has worked long to establish itself as one of the most reliable, mature PHP frameworks. Over time the framework has established itself as extensive PHP MVC framework for development of robust web applications – the one that abides by the PHP best practices to the tee.

Being an old PHP framework, Symfony also doesn’t come free of pros and cons. Here are some of them –

Symfony Advantages

  • Developers get the option of selecting own DRM
  • The components can be integrated to bigger projects such as Drupal
  • There is higher flexibility when it comes to setting projects.

Symfony Shortcomings

  • Documentation lacks references
  • Security mechanism is quite hard to use

6. CodeIgniter

CodeIgniter – Redirects Have Stopped Working In Production! – DPS Computing

It is an open-source PHP framework, which is known for its small footprint, is used for developing rapid web frameworks, which ultimately helps in the development of the dynamic websites in PHP.

Like all the other frameworks in the backend development industry, CodeIgniter also doesn’t come free of pros and cons. Here are some of them –

CodeIgniter Pros

  • Comes with simple set up options, which are ideal for the beginners to learn
  • The documentation is highly illustrated
  • There are minimal to zero lags

CodeIgniter Cons

  • Can be difficult to modify codes
  • There is a lack of default modular code separation.

7. Yii

Learn YII Tutorial - javatpoint

Although. Like the PHP Framework Laravel, Yii is also a new backend development framework in the industry, the framework doesn’t disappoint developers looking to create a support for the development of complex web apps.

Even though the framework has been well accepted by a number of mobile app builders across the industry, there are some things that the world loved about the framework and some that they are not that big a fan of. Let us look into them –

Yii Advantages

  • Lightweight Codes
  • Low Learnability Scale
  • Greate Security Features

Yii Shortcomings

  • Presently, lacks the support for creating complex apps
  • Lack of availability of Yii development experts

8. Zend

GitHub - zendframework/zendframework: Official Zend Framework repository

It is a complete object oriented framework which makes use of a number of object-oriented features such as interfaces and inheritances, which makes the framework extendable at one point or the other.

Since the framework is highly customizable, it abides by PHP best practices and enables developers to add in functionalities that are specific to their projects.

Here are some of the pros and cons of the Zend framework –

Zend Pros

  • Extremely well documented
  • Large community base
  • Use at will structure which enables mobile app builders to pick and choose the components they need instead of the complete package library
  • Has PHP MVC Framework components that comes with the power of modularity

Zend Cons

  • The framework comes with a steep learning curve, which makes it less attractive for the mobile app builders.

Now that you have seen the 5 Best PHP frameworks that we swear upon, let us now look into the other 5 Frameworks that will make/continue to make a mark in the world of PHP Framework 2019-2020.

The Five Best PHP Frameworks That will Continue to make an Impact Backend Development in 2019-2020

1. CakePHP

CakePHP - Build fast, grow solid | PHP Framework | Home

CakePHP framework makes the process of web app development simple, fast, and less code requiring. The modern PHP7 framework offers access to a flexible database layer and one powerful scaffolding system, which makes it easy to offer PHP best practices and build both – small and complex apps.

Other than being flexible and convenient, there are a number of other factors that comes together to make CakePHP one of the most widely accepted Backend development framework, like – Easy Extension, PHP MVC Framework architecture, and compatibility with a number of different PHP versions, amongst others.

2. Aura

Aura for PHP

Aura is the UI PHP framework, which is used for the development of dynamic web apps that run on both – desktop and mobile devices, while offering a scalable long-circle lifecycle for supporting the development of apps that are designed for growth.

Aura framework supports the partitioned multi-tier component development process, which helps bridge the server with the client.

3. Phalcon

Phalcon Tutorial - javatpoint

Unlike the majority of the PHP frameworks, Phalcon is integrated as the web server extension that is written in C and Zephir, with the aim to expedite the execution speed.

The framework also lowers the resource usage, and help handle a greater number of HTTP requests per second when compared with the other frameworks that are written specifically in the PHP language.

4. Slim

The framework that recently released the 3.10.0 version, is a PHP micro framework, which helps with quick development of simple and yet robust APIs web applications. The framework comes with a number of notable features such as – Concentric Middleware, Dependency Injection, HTTP Router, and PSR – 7 HTTP message implementation.

5. Fat-Free

The PHP Micro-Framework is designed to help develop robust and dynamic web applications. The framework is developed with the prime goal of supporting user experience and usability. It adorns features such as a cache engine, URL router, and a support for the development of multilingual applications.

So here were the Ten PHP Frameworks that we believe will continue to be counted as the go to tools for Backend Development. Now the decision of which one of the go with, would have become a lost easier by now, by the exact choice would depend on first your requirement and second the documentation and community support the framework comes attached with.

JavaScript Frameworks for Frontend Development-Guide

JavaScript Tutorial - An Ultimate Guide for Beginners

Backend and Frontend – The Two Foundational Components of Native Mobile Apps and Web Apps. While the former fuels the app, the latter defines how the app would act when in users’ territory aka on users’ devices.

While we have already covered the factors that power the Backend development of robust apps in article before, in this article we would be looking into the Frontend Development, especially JavaScript Frameworks, at great lengths.

There was a time when a website or a mobile app was made of simple static text site with little scope of interaction with other websites and apps. And the only scope of innovativeness came from minimal animation that hovered on the screen. That was the time of HTML and CSS.

But today, ever since the advent of JavaScript Frameworks, the scenario has changed. Today’s web apps play videos, interact with other apps, fill out forms, and do everything that makes it enough for users to remain invested without refreshing the page.

Seeing the advancements that the Top JavaScript frameworks have introduced the Frontend Development world with, a number of other languages/technologies have started flourishing.

The Options Businesses Have When it comes to Frontend Development of Web Based and Native Apps

When it comes to Frontend Development of Mobile Apps – Native, Web Apps, and the new App type that Google wants you to know about – Progressive Web Apps, there are a number of different technology options a business can choose from.

I know the article is to talk primarily on JavaScript Frameworks, but it is only fair to touch bases upon the other options that you have when it comes to Frontend Development of Web Apps.

Here are the Top JavaScript Framework Alternatives that are worth paying attention to –

The Most Popular JavaScript Front End Development: How to Choose

JavaScript or no JavaScript, the Frontend Development Industry has a lot to look forward too.

Frontend Development Trends 2019

Advanced Chatbots

Most Advanced Chatbot Apps Powered By Artificial Intellect | by Dmytro Brovkin | Chatbots Life

The conversation based User Interface on Mobile and Websites is the number one trend of Frontend development of the present time. It is estimated that by 2020 85% of the customer interaction with a business will involve zero human involvement.

Motion UI

How Motion UI/UX Helps to Increase Attention Span of Users | by Ajay Kapoor | UX Planet

While material design would still reign superiority when we talk about interface design, the  incorporation of motion UI would breathe life into websites and mobile apps.

Prepared to catch user’s attention and to deliver information, the motion UI elements like  hovers, animations, modular scrolling, and page header transition can become the differentiating factor between a seamless and passable user experience.

Evolution of JavaScript

evolution-of-javascript - Surveying Group

Javascript is unquestionably the most famous languages used by the developers, which gives it a high position among the frontend developers, full stack developers, and the backend developers.

With the presence of scalable Javascript frameworks like Node.js and React.js, and the powerful package managers like NPM client and Yarn, Javascript Frameworks continue to be the primary technologies when we talk of frontend development in 2019.

Did you see how the ‘evolution of JavaScript’ has found its place in the list of Frontend Development trends?

Doesn’t it make you wonder…

Why JavaScript?

As we saw a few minutes back, there are in fact a number of alternatives that businesses have when it comes to technology to base their Frontend Development on. However, in spite of that, it is JavaScript that continues to witness mass adoption and there are valid reasons supporting the kind of growth that JavaScript Frameworks are getting. Let us look into a few of them

Why are Businesses, like us, Opting for JavaScript?

It is on Every Platform

Android vs iOS vs Windows – SK Info Techies

JavaScript Framework is present and used across a range of different platforms, in fact it is on every platform you can possibly imagine – Browser, Mobile, IoT, Desktop Apps, and a lot other.

Acts as the Best Foundational Language

Once you learn JavaScript, learning other languages becomes a piece of cake.

Can Handle Complexity

LinkedIn integration — amoCRM

The majority of world’s most popular websites like Paypal, Netflix, and LinkedIn, amongst others, work on one or other form of JavaScript Frameworks.

Faster Debugging = Faster Deployment

How To Deploy Faster With Fewer Errors Using DevOps Automation

Unlike other languages, JavaScript comes with the facility of feedback loop. Because it is built on browser, one can run the code and get instant results.

Reasons such as these and many others are enough for establishing JavaScript as a popular language – The one that is can be used in many different situations and many different platforms, with ease.

Because of the popularity and ease that comes tagged with JavaScript language, a number of frameworks have now found a place under the JavaScript umbrella with many other being developed to become a part of the family.

All in all, currently there are over 50 different JavaScript frameworks that can be used for the Frontend development of Mobile apps and when you add the web specific frameworks, the number grows by manifold.

With over 50s of JavaScript Frameworks used in the market, it is in fact difficult to come to a conclusion as to which Frontend Development frameworks would come out to be the best.

While different businesses would have different set of preferences when it comes to choosing a Frontend JavaScript Framework, at Anteelo, we focus our efforts on these Four – Angular framework. React. Vue. Node.

– The Fantastic Four –

Angular.js. React. Vue. Node

React vs. Angular vs. Vue: Which Should You Choose? - YouTube

Node.js - Wikipedia

The Reasons Why we Choose Angular.js, React, Node, and Vue for Frontend Development

Popularity – All the four JavaScript Frameworks are popular in the web and mobile app development industry and because of this popularity, they have the back of a strong developers’ community, which makes issue redressal a fast process.

Flexibility – Straight from Angular Framework and React Framework to Vue and Node, all these frameworks are used for the development of mid to high complexity level apps.

Ease of Adaptability by Developers – As compared to the other frameworks, these come with a comparatively lower learning curve, which makes the mobile app development process much faster.

Experience – We have developed over 100s of Mobile based apps using these top JavaScript Frameworks, giving us an in-depth idea of how they work.

Let’s take a look into them at much length –


Reverting Vue.js Form Changes - Client Resources, Inc.

If React Framework and Angular.js ever had a baby, it would look like Vue.js (not logo wise but features wise). The brainchild of ex Google employee Evan You, Vue.js has somehow managed to become the competitor of all three prime frameworks: Angular Framework, React.js Framework, and Ember Framework when it comes to Frontend Development – becoming the op JavaScript Framework in the process. Even without the support of any hot-shot tech name, the brand has been able to become really popular among the developer community.

Vue.js was conceived with the sole aim to make the interface development organized and simpler. And it does it so perfectly that it is now deemed ideal for the development of lightweight apps.

Acting as a legitimate child of React and Angular, the JavaScript framework shows features that are the best of both – While on one hand, it offers two-sided data binding facility of Angular Framework, on the other, it provides server-side rendering of React Framework.But then, like all things seemingly ideal, Vue.js also comes with its share of pros and cons.

Here they are

Pros –

  1. Rapid Adoption. In only a few years since its launch, a number of businesses have started making Vue a part of their tech stack.
  2. Low Learnability Scale. It is easier to get acquainted with the framework as compared to Angular JavaScript Framework.
  3. Rendering Support is Declarative
  4. Easier Integration with HTML Elements

Cons –

  1. Since it is a new project, there is still a lack of resources
  2. Relatively smaller community support, especially when compared with Angular.js and React Framework

Angular Framework

Angular (web framework) - Wikipedia

The one thing which all us developers agree with is that Angular JavaScript is the one framework that has the capability to powerful web applications Frontend Development.

Angular.js is a full featured JavaScript framework that comes with a series of business benefits such as quick production of code, convenient testing of app part, and the two-way data binding, which helps in reflecting the changes that happen in the backend immediately on the User Interface development.

Angular Framework keeps coming out with updates on a regular basis like Angular.js 6 comes with an improvement in the rendering engine for smaller and faster applications.

Even when hundreds of businesses are adopting Angular Framework, and it has set a dominating position in the Angular vs React.js framework comparison globally, there are some evidential pros and cons that come associated with this JavaScript Framework too –


  1. Material Design and PWA Support
  2. Stable long term support because of Google backing
  3. Two Way Data Binding
  4. Mobile focused approach to Web Development


  1. Apps developed in Angular Framework are notoriously famous for drawing device’s battery
  2. Needs more Optimization to tackle the present low performance issue
  3. Comes with high learnability scale

React Framework

We should know some core words of React.Js library. | by Mohammad Shaif | Medium

Backed by Facebook and Instagram, React Framework has become the most used/ top JavaScript Framework of the present time with over 1,000 contributions present on GitHub using it for Frontend development. Because of the use of a virtual DOM, the React framework provides a better performance boost to apps as compared to Angular.js.

Used by over 38% of the developers, worldwide, React.js. compared to other JavaScript Frameworks, has also grown to become the first choice of a number of prime businesses like Netflix, Paypal, Flipboard, and BBC, amongst various others.

Now, there are indeed a number of reasons that businesses like ours and WhatsApp swoon over React Framework usage in Frontend Development, but Flexibility is what tops them all. And the JavaScript framework stands true to the hype it has been able to create around its upper hand in developing Mobile Apps with advanced user interface.

Nonetheless, the framework, like the others, do not come sans advantages and disadvantages. Here are its pros and cons –


  1. Good set of Documentation and Online Resources
  2. Possibility of Server Side Rendering
  3. Easy Component Model
  4. Fast, Efficient, Flexible, and Small Sized


  1. It is essential to have Build Tools
  2. The chances of framework being incompatible with the other libraries and code that modifies DOM are very high
  3. The learning curve can be a little higher


Node.js - Wikipedia

Node.js has over time become the top server side JavaScript Frameworks.

The idea behind Node.js is using event driven I/O to help remain efficient and lightweight at time of development of data intensive real time apps, which operate across a series of distributed devices.

The top server side javascript framework helps in building fast and scalable network applications, as it is capable of managing huge number of connections through high throughput – which ultimately brings out greater scalability.If you are looking for a fully featured JavaScript Framework environment with the presence of all the tools, Node.js would be your right option. In fact the popularity that Node.js is getting is making it one of the top JavaScript frameworks. Bringing it steps ahead in comparison to PHP and Golang.

I am sure by now you must have become acquainted with the drill. So, keeping up with the trend, here we go –


  1. The non-blocking IO ecosystem lets developers process multiple requests simultaneously
  2. Node.js developers community is extremely active, meaning access to ready solutions and codes in GitHub
  3. Made JavaScript full stack. Before Node.js, the platform was solely used for the development of client side.
  4. The one of the most popular server side JavaScript frameworks, Node is opposite of restriction. It lets you build every element of the app from the scratch.


  1. There have been instances of Node API instability
  2. It still does not support multi-threaded programming, which means it is not ideal when performing long running calculations, which ultimately leads to a decline in app performance.

So here were the four Frontend JavaScript Frameworks that we swear upon everytime a project comes along for Web App Development.

Other than these four, there are 11 Frontend JavaScript Framework that we can see competing for a place in the list to replace them. While they will take some years to come at a position where Angular.js and React js Framework and Node, Vue have placed themselves, they are 100% in preparation of coming neck to neck with the Fantastic Four in 2019.

In short, the next 11 JavaScript Frameworks have now become too big to ignore. And it is time that we give them their fair share of limelight, so here we go –

– The Sidekicks –


It's easy to build an app with Ember.JS - Open Source For You

Used in designing of a number of complex websites like Kickstarter, Heroku, and LinkedIn, Ember.js comes with the support of a huge online community, continuous rollout of updates and lastly, a wide appliance of the best practices of JavaScript.Ember.js is ideal for development of complex web apps, and the string-based templating system that it comes with contributes to a much faster boot time.

The Frontend JavaScript Framework is also concentrated on scalability, so that the developers can easily work on both – mobile and web apps.


Next.js - Wikipedia

Next.js is not your common JavaScript framework. The framework was launched by React js team as a tool for the server-side rendering. Developers working with the mix of Next and React.js can help simplify the frontend development process.The popular server side javascript framework comes with a set of remarkable features like page-based client-side routing and automatic code splitting. Above all, Next.js comes with full CSS support, known as styled-jsx, to help make the styling of user interface development a lot easier.


Advantages of Meteor JS For Web/Mobile Development

The full-stack client and server side JavaScript framework allows swift Frontend development of the end-to-end web and mobile applications in JavaScript. Because of its modular structure, the libraries and packages are used at pace. In context of performance, every one of the changes that happen in database are then instantly transmitted to UI. Currently, the framework is used for real time application development of companies like Mazda, Honeywell, and IKEA, amongst others.


Getting started with mithril.js. First of all what is mithril.js… | by Odohi David | Spankie's Blog | Medium

Mithril.js has a series of similar features as React.js. Mithril offers you hierarchical MVC elements and various safe-by-default templates that come with intelligent DOM differences that goes into checking of high performance rendering. The JavaScript Framework also comes with two very impressive features for Frontend Development – URL Routing and Customizable Data Binding.


Community - webcomponents.org

The lightweight framework is designed to enable you to take complete advantage of the Web Components. Polymer has the web components which are a part of HTML standards that promise longer existence as compared to ReactJS.Polymer.js works best when you need to combine your app with other frameworks & platforms and when you need to work with JavaScript standards.


The Durandal Inc. product, is being advertised as a next generation UI framework. It is deemed to be one of the developer friendly and advanced front end JavaScript framework of the present time.The JavaScript framework APIs are designed for consumption not from just today’s needs but also from future web programming languages. It supports ES2015, ES5, ES206 and Typescript as well, which gives developers high flexibility.Aurelia also comes with an extensible HTML compiler, which lets the developers create customized HTML elements and take take control of template generation with the support of dynamic loading, data binding, and batched rendering.


Is jQuery for You?. What it is, who should use it, the pros… | by Rachel Lum | Medium

The popular android app development framework, although old, but is still holding a prevalent position, and the 300k downloads that it sees everyday is a sign of it.

Even though the frequency with which updates were rolled out have been lowered immensely, a new version, v4.0 is planned with a series of changes such as –

  • Rewrite of the speed framework
  • Rewrite using the next gen JavaScript
  • All new event module design



The framework is one of the most famous one among the JavaScript Framework developers’ community. And the reason behind the popularity that the framework has been able to gather for itself are pretty straight forward – The framework comes with usability modules that are very easy to understand  and have an extremely simple learning curve. Using Backbone, you can make single page apps with the help of the traditional web libraries. They are developed on the idea that the server side functionalities should always flow via APIs as it minimizes the number of codes that should be composed for achieving the complex functionalities of sophisticated web app frameworks.


The client and server side javascript framework has been getting in a lot of attention from the frontend development community, making it one of the most popular JavaScript frameworks. Socket allows you to take advantage of a real time communication among the server and client. It is divided in two parts – client library running from browser and the server library that is built on Node.js.

Socket allows you to implement real time binary streaming, interactive set of document collaboration, instant message platform, and the real time stats of project and apps.


The framework allows mobile app developers to create native apps with the help of web technologies like JavaScript, HTML, and CSS. It is one of the best JavaScript Frameworks  today with their apps being on over 460,587,474 devices and with more than 91609 developers working on it.


Knockout.js Example | Knockout.js Development

The last JavaScript framework that we believe will hold its position of being a popular choice of framework is Knockout.js. The framework helps developers build rich and responsive display and an editor UI with clean underlying data model. Apps that have section of UI which update dynamically can benefit greatly from Knockout framework. There are three features that come associated with Knockout, which contribute to framework’s popularity in the frontend development domain –

Dependency Tracking – The JavaScript framework updates the right sections of the UI as and when the data model changes.

Declarative Bindings – The feature lets you offer complex and dynamic User Interface Development with the help of arbitrarily placed binding contexts.

Trivially Extensible – It lets you use custom behaviours as part of new bindings for convenient reuse.

So here were the 4 JavaScript frameworks that we rely on and the other 11 JavaScript frameworks that will be making a prominent appearance in 2019 along with the Fantastic Four.

Now coming to which one of the most popular JavaScript frameworks you should go with, when taking a decision, compare the architecture, performance, documentation, learning curves, community support, and organization.

In 2020, the Top 10 Cross-Platform App Frameworks to Consider

Everything You Need to Know about Cross-Platform App Frameworks in 2020
Cross-platform app development has its own merits which plays a major role in its current popularity. With the expansion of its reach, several cross-platforms app development tools and frameworks started to float in the market; slowly, and then all at once along with every other mobile app development company trying their hands at this interesting and one-of-a-kind technology.The result – We now have a sea of such tools and frameworks which you, as a developer, may find overwhelming. To help you out in your quest of finding the most ideal and exemplary cross-platform framework, here is a list of top 10 cross-platform app frameworks 2020 that are a sure thing.There are certain benchmarks that need to be cleared to declare something as “best” of that domain or category. In the same manner, while determining the best cross-platform frameworks, there were several prominent aspects that were considered, in order to truly see how every choice under inspection performed.However, before jumping on to the list, let’s get the basics out of the way.

What is a Cross-Platform Framework?

Considerations for Cross-Platform Mobile Development with Xamarin

To be concise, cross-platform is a type of software that has the ability to run on multiple computing platforms i.e., Android, iOS, Windows, Blackberry, etc. The apps built on this framework do not require separate coding for each platform, rather coding once will create the foundation for the app to run as efficiently on all platforms. It is one of the most popular methods in the app development domain today, which almost all the top mobile app development companies swear upon.

Note: To gather an in-depth view, read this guide on cross-platform app development.

1. Ionic

Cross-Platform Mobile App Development: Ionic Framework

Ionic is one of the most remarkable and popular cross-platform app frameworks, based on AngularJS. It allows developers to use a combination of many languages i.e., HTML5, JavaScript, and CSS and Cordova wrapper to access native platform controllers.

Ionic enables developers to create an impeccably creative user interface along with adding user-friendly features into the app. Apps developed with this framework are highly interactive and native-like, making Ionic a perfect candidate for PWA development as well.


1. It is an open-source front-end framework meaning it allows alterations in the code structure, suitable to each developer and saves a lot of time. This gives hard competition to its contender Ionic, in the battle of Ionic vs React Native.

2. Ionic is based on a SAAS UI framework designed specifically for mobile operating systems. It provides numerous UI components for  developing robust applications.

3. Another one of its most-appreciated features is that it is based on AngularJS, making it easy to offer extensions to HTML’s syntax, core functionalities to imbibe useful yet attractive features and components into the app.

4. This framework uses Cordova plugins which allow access to devices’ in-built features including Camera, GPS, and Audio Recorder, posing as one of the major benefits of cross-platform tools.

5. The fact that Ionic gives a native-like feel to the apps is what makes it a favorite of developers. It helps develop cross-platform apps and allows them to perform perfectly on various platforms.

2. React Native

How to use WebViews and Deep Linking in React Native apps

When talking about cross platform app frameworks, it is hard not to include React Native. It is a framework built on JavaScript and is used to write real code and give the native-like feel to mobile applications that work both on Android and iOS. Due to its remarkable features, it is not only a preferred choice of developers but businesses also trust React Native as the right platform for their apps.

React Native integrates the benefits of JavaScript and React.JS along with providing the advantage to developers to write modules in Objective-C, Swift, or Java languages. Moreover, by using the native modules and libraries in the React Native cross-platform apps, developers can also perform heavy operations such as image editing, video processing or some other operations which are not part of the framework APIs.


1. It is a good thing that React Native is an open-source cross-platform app framework, the same as Ionic. Because of this, it has a large community to support it and improve it by fixing bugs, improvising and introducing features.

2. One of the advantages of cross-platform development is that it requires one-time coding (WORA) for developing apps for platforms as diverse as Android and iOS. This solves one of the biggest challenges of  other frameworks – requiring developers to code separately twice for the same app on different platforms.

3. One-time coding instantly reduces the development time of the app along with keeping the React Native app development cost to its lowest.

4. Impressively, React Native is highly compatible with third-party plugins, such as Google Maps.

5. React Native focuses on UI to a great extent rendering a highly responsive interface. What it means is that the React Native environment eliminates the time taken in loading and delivers a smooth interface to the applications.

3. Flutter

Flutter - Beautiful native apps in record time

Google introduced an impressive cross-platform app framework named Flutter back in 2017. It is a software development kit designed to assist in the expeditious Android and iOS app development. It is also a fundamental and primary method for developing Google Fuschia apps.

Flutter offers apps that easily and effectively run on multiple platforms with uniformity and dynamicity.

Here are some of the remarkable features that make Flutter an ideal cross-platform framework among developers.


1. Flutter promotes portable GPU, which renders UI power, allowing it to work on the latest interfaces.

2. Flutter does not require updating the UI contents manually, as it possesses a reactive framework. Flutter app Developers are only required to update the variables and the UI changes will be visible after that.

3. Flutter cross-platform app framework poses as a perfect choice for developing Minimum Viable Product (MVP) as it initiates an expeditious development process and is also cost-efficient.

4. Xamarin

Xamarin - Wikipedia

Xamarin cross-platform app development framework is significantly different from the frameworks we have discussed so far. It is a streamlined framework used for developing apps for Android, Windows, and iOS with the help of C# and .Net, instead of JS libraries and HTML. It allows the developers to use 90% of the code for building an app for three distinct platforms.

Xamarin delivers applications with aesthetics like a native app with the help of its amazing APIs, something which makes the decision making a lot harder between Xamarin vs React Native. Here are Xamarin’s features explaining why it is one of the best choices of cross-platform frameworks for Mobile Development.


1. Apps developed on the Xamarin framework are built using C# – a modern language having leverage over Objective-C and Java.

2. The developers get native-level app functionality with Xamarin. It reduces hardware compatibility problems to a great extent with the help of plugins and specific APIs, that work with common devices functionality.It also promotes linking with native libraries, allowing customization and native-level functionality. The feature alone, makes it one of the top Android app development framework.

3. Xamarin supports a direct inclusion of Objective-C, Java and C++ libraries. This allows developers to reuse many third-party codebases encrypted in Java, Objective-C or C++, making it one of the considerably preferred cross-platform frameworks.

4. Xamarin reduces the time and cost of mobile app development for it supports the WORA ( Write Once, Run Anywhere) and has a humongous collection of class libraries.

5. Xamarin offers robust compile-time checking. Because of this facility, developers witness fewer run-time errors and get well-functioning apps.

6. Xamarin has an astounding native user interface and controls assisting and allowing developers in designing a native-like app.

5. NativeScript

Building with NativeScript | Hacker Noon

NativeScript passes as an amazing free cross-platform framework based on JavaScript. It wouldn’t be wrong to say that NativeScript is a preferable choice of developers looking for WORA functionality.

NativeScript also offers all native APIs, rendering an ability to the developers to reuse existing plugins straight from NPM into the projects.


1. NativeScript renders beautiful, accessible, and platform-native UI, and that too without the WebViews. Developers are only required to define once and let the NativeScript adapt to run everywhere. They can even customize the UI to specific devices and screens.

2. As opposed to React Native, NativeScript provides developers with a complete web resource that comes loaded with plugins for all kinds of solutions. This inevitably eliminates the need for third-party solutions.

3. NativeScript gives the freedom to easily access native Android and iOS APIs, meaning developers don’t need any additional knowledge of native development languages.

4. It uses Angular and TypeScript for programming purposes.

6. Node.js

Node.js - Wikipedia

Node.js is an incredible framework for developing cross-platform apps. Essentially, Node.Js is a JavaScript runtime framework built on the Chrome V8 JavaScript engine. It is an open-source environment that supports the development of server-side and scalable networking apps. Node.js cross-platform apps are inherently highly efficient and responsive.

The framework is capable of handling several concurrent connections together. It also comes loaded with a rich library of numerous JavaScript modules that help in simplifying the development of web applications.


1. All of the Node.js APIs are asynchronous, signifying that they are non-blocking in nature, meaning servers based on Node.JS do not essentially wait for data from APIs. It immediately moves on to another API after calling it. A notification mechanism for Node.js allows the server to get a response from the previous API call.

2. Node.js library is impressively speedy in its code execution process, for it is built on the Chrome’s V8 engine.

3. Node.js cross-platform apps do not buffer, instead, the applications output the data in chunks.

4. To deliver smooth and perfectly functioning applications, Node.js uses a single-threaded model with event looping functionality. This event mechanism enables the server to reply in a non-blocking way, making them scalable.

7. Appcelerator Titanium

Appcelerator's Titanium - an overview - mfg

Appcelerator is one of the many cross-platform app development tools designed to assist in smoother and easier mobile app development. It is a great way to create cross-platform apps with just a single code base. Its primary focus is on streamlining the app development process with the help of native components present in JavaScript code.


1. Appcelerator offers various tools for rapid application development. This indicates that a prototype can be created with much less time and effort to evaluate user interaction with UI.

2. It has ArrowDB-  a schema-less data store that allows developers to deploy data models with no additional efforts for setup.

3. It enables the integration of existing continuous delivery systems such as SCM solutions and more.

4. Appcelerator possesses pre-built connectors available for MS Azure, MS SQL, Salesforce, Box- the list is tediously long.

8. PhoneGap

Adobe Launches Hosted PhoneGap Build Service For Creating Cross-Platform Mobile Apps | TechCrunch

Phone Gap (Cordova) is one of the impeccable cross-platform frameworks for mobile development that makes use of CSS, JavaScript, and HTML5. It also offers a cloud solution to developers providing them the choice to share the app in the development process for feedback from other developers.

It develops impressive apps by leveraging existing web technologies. Another great advantage of PhoneGap is that it entirely supports in-built device features such as GPS, Camera, Phonebook, Storage, and so on.


1. PhoneGap is considered an impeccable cross-platform framework as it enables developers to create cross-platform apps using existing web technologies such as HTML 5, CSS3 and JavaScript.

2. Being a cross-platform framework, PhoneGap supports the use of a single code base to create apps for different platforms namely iOS, Android, Windows Phone, BlackBerry, etc.

3. It follows an architecture that is plugin-able in nature, meaning it is possible that the access to native device APIs can be extended in a modular way.

9. Sencha Touch

Antea Adopts Sencha EXT JS Framework | Antea

Introduced nearly a decade ago, Sencha Touch helps in developing web-based cross-platform apps and is typically used to create efficient applications that use the hardware acceleration techniques. By using Sencha Touch, developers are able to create well-tested, securely integrated UI components and libraries.

In fact, it is possible to develop large business apps and maintain them effectively and easily. Some of the remarkable features of it are:


1. It is famous for providing built-in native-looking themes for all of the major platforms like Android, iOS, BlackBerry, Windows Phone, etc.

2. It comes with an effective agnostic backend data package for working with data sources.

3. One of the most celebrated features of Sencha Touch is that it supports Cordova integration for the native API access along with the packaging.

4. It offers code compatibility between new and old ones.

5. It comes loaded with customizable and 50+ built-in UI widgets. It also has a collection of rich UI like lists, carousels, forms, menus, and toolbars, etc., created specifically for mobile platforms.

10. Corona SDK

Why is Corona SDK is the best framework for cross-platform game development?

Corona SDK enables programmers to develop 2D mobile applications for all the major platforms, including Kindle and Windows.

It proffers to give 10X faster mobile and game app development. The framework le delivers remarkable results at the back of its backend framework’s reliability on Lua which is a lightweight and multi-paradigm programming language. The language focuses on the main elements of the development which are the speed, portability, extensibility, scalability, and last but not least, the ease of use.

What is more, it is a free-of-cost framework working both on Mac OS X and Windows while supporting real-time testing.


1. It has over 1000 APIs that give developers the ability to sprite animations, audio, and music, Box2D physics, object tweening, texture management, native elements, data- the list can go on for pages.

2. It responds to the code changes almost instantly while giving a real-time preview of the app’s performance as it would on a real device.

3. It supports almost 200 plugins including in-app advertising, analytics, media, and hardware features.

After considering all of the best options that a competent cross-platform app development company is looking for in this domain, there is nothing left but to wait and see how these frameworks compete with each other to stay in the competitive market, and how well they bode against the new frameworks entering the market as we speak.

Go-programming language – beginner tutorial

Go (programming language) - Wikipedia

Whenever we talk about the top programming languages to consider in the development ecosystem, the first few names that strike are Java, Python, C++, Swift, SQL, and JavaScript.

However, the world of programming languages is not confined to these languages only.

There are various other programming languages that are slowly and gradually rising up in the list of top programming languages. One such language that is emerging to be the new love of developers is Go programming language.

Wondering what is Go? And what makes developers fall for this programming language? Let’s uncover in this article.

What is Go Programming Language?

Let's Go! with the Go Programming Language - Avenga

Also called Golang, Go is an open-source, statically typed,  and compiled programming language designed by Rob Pike, Robert Griesemer, and Ken Thompson. The language, that appeared in the market in 2009, was designed with an intention to enhance programming productivity in the era of networked machines, multicore, and huge codebases. Something for which the Google team picked the best characteristics of the popular languages, like:

  • Static typing and runtime efficiency of C++.
  • Usability and Readability of Python and JavaScript.
  • Object Oriented Programming (OOPs) concept ofSmalltalk.
  • Concurrency element of Newsqueak.

The language has just entered into its version 1.13.1. But, has gained a huge momentum in the market – bringing it several steps ahead in Go vs Rust discussion and similar comparisons. It has entered into the list of Top 10 Programming language by IEEE Spectrum and become the fourth most active languages on GitHub.

Not only this, it has become the third-most highly paid language as per Stack Overflow developer survey 2019 with an average annual salary of $109,483. And the best part is, it is predicted to grow ahead effectively because of the key characteristics it comes up with.

Top Characteristics of Google’s Go

1. Open-Source

Google Assistant Go for Android - Download

The foremost characteristic of Golang programming language is that it is open-source. That means, anyone can download and experiment with the code to bring better codes into picture and fix related bugs.

2. Static Typing

Python best practices: Static typing in Python with mypy | Sunscrapers

Go is a statically typed programming language and works with a mechanism that makes it possible to compile code accurately while taking care of type conversions and compatibility level. This gives developers freedom from challenges associated with dynamically typed languages.

3. Concurrency Support

2.3 Concurrency

One of the prime characteristics of go programming language is its concurrency support.

Golang, unlike other programming languages, offers easier and trackable concurrency options. This makes it easier for app developers to complete requests at a faster pace, free up allocated resources and network earlier, and much more.

4. Powerful Standard Library and Tool Set

This programming language also comes loaded with a robust standard library. This libraries offer ample components that gives developers an escape from turning towards third party packages anymore.

Also, it offers a wider range of tools that makes development process efficient. This includes:

  • Gofmt: It automatically formats your Go code, which eventually brings a major impact on readability.
  • Gorun: This tool is used to add a ‘bang line’ in the source code to run it, or run a similar sode code file explicitly. It is often used by Go developers when experimenting with codes written in Python.
  • Goget: The Goget tool downloads libraries from GitHub and save it to your GoPath so that you can easily import the libraries in your app project.
  • Godoc: The tool parses Go source code, including comments and creates a documentation in HTML or plain text format. The documentation made is tightly coupled with codes it documents and can be easily navigated with one click.

5. Testing Capabilities

Go language also offers an opportunity to write unit tests along with writing the app codes. Besides, it avails support to understand code coverage, benchmark tests, and write example codes to create your own code documentation.

6. Garbage Collection

7 Things You Thought You Knew About Garbage Collection - and Are Totally Wrong

The programming language also offers exceptional power of garbage collection. Meaning, developers need not worry about freeing up pointers or the situation associated with dangling pointer.

Because of these characteristics, the language has gained attention of various popular brands.

This, in turn, has made several startups and established brands consider this language for their app needs. But, in case you are someone who wish not to analyze the market scope and use cases on your own, it is better to get familiar with the pros and cons of Go programming language.

So, let’s begin with looking into the advantages of preferring Golang for your development needs.

Advantages of Golang Programming Language

1. Ease of Use

Ease of Use is Critical for Project Management Tool Adoption - Eclipse PPM

One of the biggest benefits of Golang language is that its syntax is similar to that of C and C++. There are not many complex functions to learn and implement. Besides, the documentation is simple and can be used quickly.

A ripple effect of which is that the number of developers taking an interest in working with Go language for building native and cross-platform applications are increasing.

2. Cross-Platform Development Opportunities

Cross-Platform App Frameworks in 2021

Another advantage of going with this language is that multiple types of applications can be developed in Go. This includes software and mobility solutions for Windows, Unix, Linux, BSD versions, and mobile platforms.

3. Faster Compilation and Execution

go build vs go run - Rakesh Mothukuri

In Golang development environment, there is no Virtual Machine. The code is directly compiled to machine code, which makes the compilation process faster and more effective.

Besides, the compiler produces only one executable file after compilation. This file does not suffer from any kind of dependency and can be uploaded and run anywhere. This makes the code execution process faster.

4. Scalable

Another feature that makes Golang outshine other programming languages is that it is highly scalable in nature. It enables top android mobile app developers to handle multiple tasks at the same time, especially channels and goroutines.

5. Time Saving

Time saving techniques for the test day - CetKing

With features like automatic declaration of variables, latency free garbage collection, and faster compile time, it saves consideration development time; giving developers enough time to be productive.

With this covered, let’s turn towards the drawbacks of going with Golang.

Disadvantages of Go Programming Language

1. Still Developing

How to Create a Mobile App - BuildFire

Though the popularity graph of Go programming language is growing and it holds a promising future in the market, it is still in its nascent stage. This is making it tough for the language to beat the competition with popular names like Java.

2. Too Simple

Keep It Simple, But Not Too Simple - The Modern Observer Group

Programming languages like Swift and Haskell are difficult to learn. But, at the same time, they offer a myriad of opportunities to perform abstractions and other complex processes. Something that is not possible in the case of Golang because of its ultra-simple design.

So, the most primary characteristic turns out to be one of the major disadvantages of golang language.

3. Absence of GUI Library

Why C++ is not used for GUI? - Quora

Another con of go programming language is that it does not offer native support for GUI libraries. This implies app development companies have to connect a library to their application manually, rather than using native solutions like that in the case of Java or Python.

4. No Specific Niche

Designed by Google with the motive to deliver endless support and solutions, the language has characteristics that goes well with all. However, the language has still not found a single niche to conquer.

While it is facing competition from JavaScript in frontend development world, it is lagging behind Python in the world of data visualization and analysis. Because of this, many developers are still hesitating from investing in this language for a particular purpose.

5. Poor Error Handling

Creating Error Messages | Best practice in UX Design | by Vivek Kumar | UX Collective

In the case of Go language, a function is required to return error if any error is expected. Developers have to write a huge number of ‘if’ blocks to perform error handling process efficiently and effectively. Something that is one of the golang coding challenges when they have lost track to the error that can further result in missing out of some imperative error handling logic.

6. Lack of Frameworks

Business Transformation Transformation Icon, HD Png Download - 601x600 PNG - DLF.PT

Last but not least, Go lags behind programming languages like Python, PHP and Ruby on Rails in terms of number of frameworks to go with.

Now as you know the pros and cons of Go programming language, it is likely that you might have made your mind of whether to embrace it in your app tech stack or not. But, in case you are still confused, feel free to contact our app developers.

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